Home Up Peter Burnett GQCannon John Corrill Addison Green JP Greene Drusilla Hendricks Oliver Huntington Andrew Jenson HCKimball Reed Peck Pratt Persecution PPPratt T&S Quinn Origins Power Julia Pack Packard Charles C Rich Journal History 1917 History Church John Rigdon BH Roberts HCKimball T&S Launius John Lockhart Amasa Lyman Ebenezer Robinson William Seely Heman C. Smith Hyrum Smith Alan Stout Martha Thomas Nancy Tracy Orson Whitney Lycurgus Wilson Van Wagoner WWWoodruff Lorenzo Young Enc of Mormonism

Journal History 1917
Home Up


Journal of History, Vol. 10 (January 1917):455-461].


    The other side or some one in sympathy with them published the following in the Missouri Argus of November 8, 1838:
    Extract of a letter to the Editors, dated Elk Horn, October 30, 1838. On Thursday, the 25th instant, about the dawn of day, a party of Mormons, about two hundred strong", attached Captain Bogart's company, consisting of about forty men, on the line dividing" Rav and Caldwell Counties. On the approach of the Mormons the sentry fired and gave the alarm. The former advanced within thirty-five paces, formed a line, and received orders "in the name of Lazarus, the apostles, and Jesus Christ our Lord, to fire," which was followed by a simultaneous charge, accompanied by demoniac and hideous yells of "fight for liberty— charge boys— charge— kill the d——d rascals," etc. Bogart, at the head of his gallant band, leveled his gun and echoed the command, "Boys, let them have it!" The struggle was short and desperate. The Mormons were armed with one gun, two long pistols, a butcher's knife, etc., and rushed to the charge, in which many of our men came in collision with them and parried their swords, etc., with their guns and knocked them down. They pursued the charge about six hundred yards. Our loss was one killed and three wounded— two of the latter were left for dead on the ground. The loss of the Mormons was nineteen or twenty killed and wounded— five or 6 of the latter are yet living. They took one prisoner— carried him to within three miles of Far West, where they had him put to death. The country is in the highest state of excitement. There are about 2,500 troops within a day's march of Far West. They are pouring in from all quarters, and we expect in a day or two, that that town will be laid waste. We are looking for the Governor with more troops. I have this moment been informed that the Mormons are making every preparation for a general battle. In the engagement on the 25th they took about $4,500 worth of horses, etc.
    The country was of course excited and agitated, and conflicting rumors were freely circulated, and many strange versions of the trouble were sent to the governor, among, others the following: [page 460] Carrolltown, Missouri, October 24, 1838.
    We were informed last night, by an express from Ray County, that Captain Bogart and all his company, amounting to between fifty and sixty men, were massacred by the Mormons at Bupcombe, twelve miles north of Richmond, except three. This statement you may rely on as being true, and last night they expected Richmond to be laid in ashes this morning. We could distinctly hear cannon, and we know the Mormons had one in their possession. Richmond is about twenty-five miles west of this place, on a straight line. We know not the hour or minute we will be laid in ashes— our country is ruined— for God's sake give us assistance as quick as possible.
    Yours, etc., Sashiel Woods.Joseph Dickson.
    Sashiel Woods was a Presbyterian minister who had before taken an active part in exciting the populace against the "Mormons" in Carroll and Daviess Counties. Under the circumstances this story was a very peculiar one. It was written the day before the battle. The cannon referred to which "the Mormons had in their possession," was a six pounder. The distance was about fifty miles. To distinctly hear the report of a six pounder fifty miles, and that the day before it was supposed to be fired, was a remarkable experience for the reverend gentleman and his fellow reporter. Then when it is considered that there is no claim on the part of either side to the conflict that a cannon was used the wonder increases. It was this and similar reports that inspired the Governor, Lilburn W. Boggs, to issue his famous exterminating order of October 27, 1838, providing that "The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the State, if necessary, for the public good."
    Among the names of those engaged in this fight on the side of the Latter Day Saints so far as we have learned were David W. Patten, Parley P. Pratt, Gideon Carter, Patterson O'Banion, Norman Shearer, Morris Phelps, Darwin Chase, Luman Gibbs, ———— Hendrix, Amos Hodges, and two sons, James Durphy, Charles C. Rich, and ————Holbrook.
    We have not thought it proper to discuss the merits of demerits of the acts on either side, but have related as best we could learn the events historically.
    On July 27, 1917, the writer had the privileged of visiting this historic place in company with Mrs. Smith, Mr. W. E. Dye of Richmond, Missouri; Mr. and Mrs. L. F. Ferguson of Hardin, Missouri; and Mr. John H. Thompson who resided near the place. At this time we took the views accompanying this article.

Home ] Personal Lives ] New Items ] Hinckley Page ] DNA & Book of Mormon ] Blacks & Priesthood ] LDS History Resources ] LDS Missouri Period ] Crooked River ] LDS Religious Links ] LDS Scripture Page ] Martin Luther King ] Evolution & LDS ] SBHS Track ] SSM analysis ] Abortion ] Grant Palmer ] Intelligent Design ]

Send mail to mel@tungate.com with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright © 2005 Mel Tungate
Last modified: March 19, 2006